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The Community Services Project for Psychological Intervention in School and Communities at Risk of Drug Abuses and AIDS

Title : The Community Service Project for Psychological Intervention in Schools and Communities at Risk of Drug Abuse and AIDS. Field : Social Sciences
Researcher: Wongswadiwat, J.,et al.
Year of Study: 1997
Year of published: 1997
Type of document: Research
Number of pages: 113
Sponsor: International Federation of Catholic Universities (IFCU), Assumption University
Keyword: Psychological intervention, Self-esteem, Drug abuse, AIDS, Transactional Analysis, Assumption Training, Encounter Group, Focus Group.
Copyright: International Federation of Catholic Universities (IFCU), Assumption University
Abstract:
The research projects were implemented with the main objective of using psychological intervention to prevent drug abuse and AIDS in communities at risk. Primary and secondary school pupils, gasoline station workers and motorcycle-taxi drivers were chosen as the target groups because they were the high risk groups to drug abuse and AIDS. Primary and secondary schools pupils are the early adolescents who seek uniqueness, they, rely on friends and are easy to be led. So, self-esteem is marked highly important at this stage. While the common characteristics among the gasoline station workers and motorcycle-taxi drivers are poverty, lack of formal education, ignorance on the consequences of drug abuse and their living and working environment. More importantly they were chosen because other community projects had not implemented any project on them. The main objective was to build and improve self-esteem in the pupils and to educate the gasoline station workers and motorcycle-taxi drivers on drug abuse, and AIDS, so as to increase their awareness on it; That would solve many problems in Thai society. The activities varied from project to project. The students were given Assertiveness Training (AT) and Transactional Analysis(TA). The measurements used were the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (school form). Assertiveness Assessment, Sack's Sentence Completion Test and Analysis of Coping Styles. An Encounter Group was formed with the gasoline-station workers and a Focus Group with the motorcycle-taxi drivers. Effective activities involved discussion on working environment, drug abuse and AIDS problems, and self-awareness, using diagrams and visual aids to encourage group participation. The assessment was done by tests and observation. The project evaluation showed satisfactory results, especially with the school children. With the other target groups the urgent need to work and earn money kept them away from the sessions. However, the research team will continue the work with all the target groups. An additional project will be conducted on bus drivers because their life style indicates high risk to drug abuse and AIDS and can be of great danger to society. The team will also visit schools and train teachers to implement drug abuse prevention on their pupils.
For the successful implementation of drug abuse prevention and AIDS, it is very important to select the right target groups and to have the cooperation of the authorities related to these groups. Enough time should be given to the projects to cover all the activities. Research projects should be conducted on small scale first with researchers who could give full time services to the work, and who could perform well as a group.